Social and Behaviour Change is a process to helping to ensure that positive change is more likely to happen. The process to DO behaviour change can be grouped into six general steps. Really. The path outlined below includes tools and materials to conduct each step.
Like the start of any journey, you will first need to put together a team from the community to help identify the specific problem behaviour you wish to change. You might look at secondary data or any relevant evidence to help inform your assessment. Together, you can identify who you will target for change, the resources you have available and those you will need and the challenges that need to be met.
Next, you will look at the evidence and the expected outcomes to work out which factors are causing the problem. These are the deterinants of the poroblem. You then work out which factors are changeable and focus there. You would look at ways that people you work with prefer to communicate or receive information (radio, household visits, billboards, etc). You also look at who or what the influencers are for that community, what things help people to accept the suggested changes (called enablers) and what things might discourage people from making change (called disablers).
All this information is incredibly helpful to ensuring you come up with the right activity for positive change.
Now, we need a plan of action. Here we identify
a) At which levels of the SEM will we work (with individuals? With households or friend groups? With the community? Through our organisation?)
b) With whom will we specifically work? Who specifically from our team will work with each of the SEM levels?
c) When will each activity or intervention take place?
With these questions in mind, we choose specific evidence-based methods and discuss with our community team to ensure that they will be well-received. We then select the ways you can practically deliver the interventions.
It's time to try out your plan. We prepare the materials needed, the right messages (and delivery methods - like games, cards, videos) and start pretesting, refining and finalizing the content to the specific contexts wherte you are working.
Finally, you start the work and deliver your interventions according to plan. You would also have some indicators to help you determine if the plan is working via positive changes within those you are working with. Adjust as needed and you are on your path to sustainable behaviour change!